Charles Baudelaire

Charles Baudelaire published Les Fleurs du Mal in 1857. “Le Voyage” appeared in the second edition (1861) to which many poems had been added but from which poems the French courts censored had necessarily been omitted. In an 1859 letter, Victor Hugo wrote to Baudelaire:  “vous allez en avant. . . . Vous créez un frisson nouveau.” In 1924, Paul Valéry said of Les Fleur du Mal: “elle s’impose comme la poésie même de la modernité.”